Bactrian camel | Camelus ferus bactrianus
Camels were widespread in desert areas of Central Asia, like Mongolia and Kazakhstan, as a domesticated livestock. They are now considered critically endangered! They belong to the suborder of the vicunas, guanacos, llamas, dromedaries and alpacas. Camels, which belong to the family of the Camelidae, have two humps; the dromedary, however, has only one hump. These humps, contrary to popular belief, are used to store fat, not water. These animals have callous pads on their soles. This allows them to move softly and silently. Camels are 2.30 meters tall and weigh up to 500 kilograms. After the giraffe and the hippo, they are the largest hoofed animals.